demographic characteristics of middle colonies

Every male citizen had a voice in the town meeting. Nonetheless, the Great Awakening touched the lives of thousands on both sides of the Atlantic and provided a shared experience in the 18th-century British Empire. However, the slaves did not accrue wages or benefit from any of this profit. In both cases however, the objects of study are the characteristics of human populations. The middle colonies were founded by many different ethnic and religious groups, aided by policies of tolerance. -Known for its large population of Quakers. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Immigration and migration patterns in the early colonies were diverse and varied greatly from one region to the next. The middle colonies were extremely diverse in their demographics. Deism stressed morality and rejected the orthodox Christian view of the divinity of Christ, often viewing him as a sublime, but entirely human, teacher of morality. 2. The Middle Colonies shared the fertile land of the Southern Colonies and many large fields of wheat could be found and they shared the industry of timber and fishing. They were known as the elect or Saints. 1. Instead, membership was limited to those who could convincingly test before members of the church that they had been saved. Choose from 500 different sets of middle colonies settlement flashcards on Quizlet. I. Characteristics of Middle Colonies. They traveled to the new world in 1769 to start American Methodist societies; Pilmore in Philadelphia, and Boardman in New York. Frequent conversion to evangelical Christianity B. American colonies, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in the area that is now a part of the eastern United States. Three Major Colonial Regions Social Studies -The region was known for good soil and farming. They were also the most religiously diverse part of the British Empire, with a high degree of tolerance. The Middle colonies, including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware all shared the benefit of flat land and rich soil, while the New England Colonies were left with a rocky landscape that made farming difficult. Excellent land for farming: region became known as the "bread colonies" for exports of grain; also fruits and vegetables. Colonies such as Pennsylvania and Delaware had more farming. The colony of Maryland was originally created with the aim of being a haven for English Catholics, most of which were well-to-do nobles who could not worship in public. Death in childbirth was common enough that the term now-wife was coined to refer to a man’s present wife as compared to those that he had previously lost. Lifestyles among British colonists in North America varied dramatically by region. The middle colonies were founded by many different ethnic and religious groups, aided by policies of tolerance. Identify the statements that describe poverty in the colonies in the eighteenth century. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. Demographic characteristics are population characteristics such as age, sex etc that are used in demography to develop a demographic profile. The Great Awakening saw the rise of several Protestant denominations, including Methodists, Presbyterians, and Baptists (who emphasized adult baptism of converted Christians rather than infant baptism). Pennsylvania 240,057 3. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. KEY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES. Agricultural Differences . By 1750, the combined populations of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania had reached nearly 300,000 people after an influx of German, Swiss, and Irish immigrants. stream Landholdings were generally farms of 40 to 160 acres, owned by the family that worked it. Other New England merchants took advantage of the rich fishing areas along the Atlantic coast. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Characteristics of the Chesapeake Colonies. In New York's Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch patroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. Learn More. In New England, high-level politicians gave out plots of land to male settlers, or proprietors, who then divided the land amongst themselves. Which are some characteristics of the Middle Colonies? a. They settled in small villages, many for common religious activities, and Puritans initially dominated the region. Drawing of Roger Williams statue, by Franklin Simmons, 1903: Roger Williams, president of the Colony of Rhode Island, was a religious reformer and early Baptist. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. By 1715, South Carolina had a black majority because of the number of slaves in the colony. The 13 Colonies by population in 1770 As the Revolution approached, this is how the Colonies ranked in size. Each colony had its own unique characteristics, but historians lump them. There was more religious freedom in the Middle Colonies than in New England. Eighteenth Century British Colonies In the eighteenth century, the British Colonies in North America experienced many changes that helped form the identity of America. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. In Carolina, English plantation owners from the tiny Caribbean island of Barbados, already a well-established English sugar colony fueled by slave labor, migrated to the southern part of the colony to settle there. By 1776, about 85% of the white population in the British colonies was of English, Irish, Scottish, or Welsh descent, with 9% of German origin and 4% Dutch. The excellent natural harbors helped the middle colonies become traders among the colonies. However, women continued to have very few rights. Middle Colonies - Government Used many different democratic principles that … Unlike English colonial wives, German and Dutch wives owned their own clothes and other items and were also given the ability to write wills disposing of the property brought into the marriage. 2). Enormous population growth: common feature among the 13 colonies 1. A. The Pennsylvanian colonial center was dominated by the Quakers for decades after their initial immigration, from about 1680 to 1725. Charter companies were made up of groups of stockholders, usually merchants and wealthy landowners, who sought personal economic gain and, in some cases, wanted to advance England’s national goals. We therefore investigate the demographic characteristics of those who move within Europe, focusing on selected cases and the period 2008–2011. Characteristics of the Southern Colonies. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically diverse British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe. Demographic Characteristics of Intra-EU Movers. Each group of colonies had its unique aspects in many areas, from architecture to economics, and various more characteristics. Unlike New England, the mid-Atlantic region gained much of its population from new immigration. Whereas demography is a descriptive and predictive science, demographics is an applied art and science. The colonial western frontier was mainly settled from about 1717 to 1775, mostly by Presbyterian settlers who were feeling hard times and persecution in northern England border lands, Scotland, and the northern portion of Ireland. Contrasts Between the North and the South . This coupled with religious freedom gave more options to immigrants who were migrating from Europe. Later groups of Mennonites came to North America from Switzerland, Prussia, the Ukraine, and Russia. Once established, the 13 British colonies could be divided into three geographic areas: New England, Middle, and Southern. These new churches gained converts and competed with older Protestant groups like Anglicans (members of the Church of England), Congregationalists (the heirs of Puritanism in America), and Quakers. The Middle Colonies (Mid Atlantic) I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior. It created a religious and ethnic pluralism that attracted immigrants from all over Europe. History of religion in the United States. The southern regions are composed of five different states Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. The eastern and northern frontier around the initial New England settlements was mainly settled by the Yankee descendants of the original New Englanders. The middle colonies were known as the breadbasket colonies because a lot of grain was grown there. The people who founded the Middle Colonies were looking to practice their own. Public schooling was rare outside New England. Most of the colonies were slow to make profits, however, and the English investors often turned over their colonial charters to the settlers. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. The Anglican Church of England was officially established in most of the South; however, there were no bishops, and the churches had only local roles. Pennsylvania, founded by William Penn, is an excellent example of a proprietary colony. Religion in the Middle Colonies. Civil unrest in Europe and other colonies saw an influx of immigrants to the Middle Colonies in the 18th century. The Moravians wished to serve as Christian missionaries for the different ethnic groups in America. The Germans, comprising Lutherans, Reformed, Mennonites, Amish, and other sects, developed a rich religious life with a strong musical culture; collectively, they came to be known as the Pennsylvania Dutch. From the foundation of the colonies beginning with the founding of Jamestown until the beginning of the Revolutionary War, different regions of the eastern coast had different characteristics. The Congregational Church, founded by the Puritans, was not automatically joined by all New England residents because of Puritan beliefs that God singled out only a few specific people for salvation. The middle colonies were not as successful as the New England colonies, but they concentrated on their ports as the major source of economic developments (“Climate of the Three Colonies” par. The middle colonies. Most colonial cities were seaports. The Middle and Northern colonies differed considerably in their geographical aspects, leading to dissimilar social and political features. The plantations of the Southern colonies mainly grew tobacco, indigo, and rice for export and raised most of their own food supplies. Shopkeepers, artisans, shipwrights, butchers, coopers, seamstresses, cobblers, bakers, carpenters, masons, and many other specialized professions made up the middle class of seaport society. Peter Laslett has written that « service was practically a universal characteristic of pre-industrial English society1 ». Whereas Martin Luther and John Calvin had preached a doctrine of predestination and close reading of scripture, new evangelical ministers spread a message of personal and experiential faith that rose above mere book learning. During the First Great Awakening, evangelists came from the ranks of several Protestant denominations: Congregationalists, Anglicans (members of the Church of England), and Presbyterians. Demographics include age, income, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. Education was widespread in the northern colonies, which had established colleges led by Harvard College, College of New Jersey (Princeton), and Yale College, while the College of William and Mary trained the elite in Virginia. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Also, as an activity, ask your child to interpret the images, and tell a story about the Southern Colonies. In many ways, the middle colonies served as the crossroads of ideas during the colonial period. Shipbuilding, commerce, and fisheries were important in coastal towns. By the end of the 1600s, a very wealthy class of rice planters who relied on slaves had attained dominance in the southern part of the Carolinas, especially around Charles Town. 1700: less than 300,000 people; 2.5 million by 1775 (20% black) b. I. In New York's Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch poltroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. The Chesapeake – Maryland and Virginia – have many distinct characteristics. The First Great Awakening was a religious revival of Protestantism in which preachers emphasized the emotional, rather than the intellectual side of religion. Wives and husbands often worked as a team and taught their children their crafts to pass on through the family. European travelers in the colonies were fairly numerous, and, fortunately for us, many of them were observant men who published their impressions. New England was settled by a highly educated, agricultural demographic, and its population grew rapidly due to favorable weather conditions that kept disease low. By 1780, about 287,000 slaves had been imported into the 13 colonies, most into the southern colonies. Many great men would come from the Middle Colonies. Richard Boardman and Joseph Pilmore were both preachers appointed as missionaries by John Wesley. After 1720, mid-Atlantic farming was stimulated with the international demand for wheat. BY: HYSTORIAN VIVIANE HARLE 2. The political implications, although not realized at the time, were enormous. Seventeenth-century rates, beginning from a low base and more influenced by immigration, were even higher. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. Many of these mid-Atlantic immigrants were limited to occupations as small-scale farmers and artisans. DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MOLTING BLACK BRANT NEAR TESHEKPUK LAKE, ALASKA KAREN S. BOLLINGER AND DIRK V. DERKSEN National Biological Service Alaska Science Center 1011 East Tudor Road Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA Abstract.-Molting Brant (Branta bernicla) in the Teshekpuk Lake Special Area (TLSA) on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska were studied from 1987 to … They were all established as Royal colonies 3. The main commercial center of Philadelphia was run mostly by prosperous Quakers, supplemented by many small farming and trading communities with strong German contingents located in the Delaware River Valley. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> 1. New Netherland, founded in 1624 at Fort Orange (now Albany) by the Dutch West India Company, was but one element in a wider program of Dutch expansion in the first half of the 17th century. Charter companies played an important role in England’s success at colonizing what would become the United States. I. Characteristics of eighteenth-century British Colonial America A. Land was generally acquired more easily than in New England or in the plantation South. %��������� 1. New York allowed churches to be established on the local level, and towns to vote on which church their taxes would support. By 1685 its population … Colonies such as New York and New Jersey had more manufacturing than farming. Large farmers and merchants became wealthy, while farmers with smaller farms and artisans only made enough for subsistence. The monthly journals appearing toward the middle of the century also contained occasional bits of information; but on the whole they are much less valuable sources than the weekly newspaper. By 1800, all but one Congregationalist church in Boston had Unitarian preachers teaching the strict unity of God, the subordinate nature of Christ, and salvation by character. Before 1720, most colonists in the mid-Atlantic region worked with small-scale farming and paid for imported manufactures by supplying the West Indies with corn and flour. The town meeting levied taxes, built roads, and elected officials who managed town affairs. Many more settlers arrived during this time as well, especially Protestant sects seeking freedom of religion. The First Great Awakening illustrated the evolution of Protestantism in the British colonies. The middle colonies’ settlements were scattered west of New York City and Philadelphia. Meanwhile, William Penn, who founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1682, attracted many British Quakers with his policies of religious liberty and freehold ownership. Less aristocratic than NE or Southern colonies (NY was the exception) Shipbuilding, lumber, shipping, commerce all key industries As time went on, many new immigrants ended up on the frontiers because of the cheaper availability of land. The Mennonites tended to be very conservative and had their own hymns and Psalters. Describe the varied religious landscape of the American colonies. Maryland 202,599 5. The three colonies had major differences in their governments, religion, manufacturing industries, and … Often, women were taught to read so that they could learn the Bible, but few were taught to write, as it was thought there was no reason a woman should know how to write. They rejected what appeared to be sterile, formal modes of worship in favor of a vigorous emotional religiosity. Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior. Demographic history of the United States. Much later during the colonial experience, as the values of the American Enlightenment were imported from Britain, the philosophies of such thinkers as John Locke weakened the view that husbands were natural “rulers” over their wives and replaced it with a (slightly) more liberal conception of marriage. The Middle Colonies Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on The Middle Colonies These views gained a small, unorganized, but influential number of adherents in America in the late 18th century. In the 17th century, early British colonies developed along the Atlantic coast, with regional differences that reflected various environmental, economic, cultural, and demographic factors. Colonial Characteristics by Region Southern Colonies Chesapeake Colonies Middle Colonies New England Colonies Colonies Agriculture and plantation focused because they wanted to make money Economic success from tobacco cash crop Designed as a grid system, not as cohesive for they were not united by a single religion or belief Organized around a common Geography of the region and its … The North American colonies that were settled by the English are often divided into three different groups: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. It has been suggested that free movement within the EU is particularly availed of by the highly educated (Favell 2008). New England’s healthy climate (the cold winters killed the mosquitoes and other disease-bearing insects) and abundant food supply resulted in the lowest death rate and highest birth rate of any of the colonies. The acts caused the colonies to set up their own militia to serve in times of emergency. In New England, the Puritan settlers brought their strong religious values with them to the New World, which dictated that a woman be subordinate to her husband and dedicate herself to rearing “God-fearing” children to the best of her ability. Southern colonies were made up of a mix of indentured servants, wealthy elite, and slaves from Africa. In New England, the Puritans created self-governing communities of religious congregations of yeoman farmers and their families. Deism influenced the development of Unitarianism in America. A massive population explosion in Europe brought wheat prices up, and by 1770, a bushel of wheat cost twice as much as it did in 1720. Both Canada and the white population of the English colonies experienced increases of 2½ percent per year during the eighteenth century. Methodism spread along the east coast during the years leading up to the American Revolution. The two colonies get their name from the Chesapeake Bay. The central fact of the demographic history of early North America is rapid growth. For example, in New York, any foreigner professing Christianity was awarded citizenship, which made for a diverse (albeit largely Christian) populace. The Mennonites are a splinter religious group that emigrated mostly to Pennsylvania. By 1750, the population of Philadelphia had reached 25,000; New York had reached 15,000; and the port of Baltimore had reached 7,000. Slavery developed quickly in the Carolinas, largely because so many of the early migrants came from Barbados, where slavery was well established. The typical woman in colonial America was expected to run a household and attend to domestic duties such as spinning, sewing, preserving food, animal husbandry, cooking, and cleaning while raising children. Large portions were usually given to men of higher social standing, but every white man who wasn’t indentured or criminally bonded had enough land to support a family. The 18th century saw a host of social, religious, and intellectual changes across the British Empire. The influence of these older Protestant groups, such as the New England Congregationalists, declined because of the Great Awakening. The mid-A… Over 90% were farmers, with several small cities that were also seaports linking the colonial economy to the larger British Empire. Demographics Edit. par David W. GALENSON. A colonial woman was expected to be subservient to her father until she married, at which point she became subservient to her husband. Individuals could bring about their own salvation by accepting Christ, an especially welcome message for those who had felt excluded by traditional Protestantism—women, the young, and people at the lower end of the social spectrum. Among Puritan settlers in New England, wives almost never worked in the fields with their husbands. Wealthy merchants in Philadelphia and New York, like their counterparts in New England, built elegant Georgian-style mansions. These people worked on the docks unloading inbound vessels and loading outbound vessels with wheat, corn, and flaxseed. The group left Moravia and Bohemia in response to harsh persecution for their religious beliefs and practices. Large portions were usually given to men of higher social standing, but every white man—who wasn’t indentured or criminally bonded—had enough land to support a family. In the north, many colonists lived on small, self-sufficient farms and enjoyed a fairly high level of education and personal liberty. The Middle Colonies were literally a middle ground between its borders to the North and South, wherein elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates were manifested, and religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. Many in New England also based their lifestyle on the sea and became merchants or fishermen. However, it is also common for politicians to perform a bait and switch maneuver whereby they claim to represent the middle class in words but represent corporate and upper class interests in action. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. The colonies grew both geographically and numerically from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). Economy in the Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than the other regions, and also less cohesive. The demographic, ethnic, and social characters of Britain’s colonies were some of the major characteristics to be altered in the 1700s. Summarize the demography of early 18th-century New England and Pennsylvania. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of the 17th century. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. The Southern Colonies were economically dominated by the wealthy planters in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina even though much of the population of the south consisted of enslaved Africans. The Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic Colonies) I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. Farmers also expanded their production of flaxseed and corn due to the high demand of flax in the Irish linen industry and corn in the West Indies. Social Studies. During the 18th century, the British Atlantic experienced an outburst of Protestant revivalism known as the First Great Awakening. Old Ship Church, Hingham, Massachusetts, ca. A tide of German immigration to Pennsylvania swelled between 1725 and 1775, with immigrants arriving as redemptioners or indentured servants. A variety of artisans, shopkeepers, and merchants also arose during this time to provide services to the growing farming population. They all had a common goal, which was to govern themselves and have a say in how they were represented. The central fact of the demographic history of early North America is rapid growth. The Colonial Population The population of the American colonies through the 18th century was primarily a mixture of immigrants from different countries in Europe and slaves from Africa. The Southern Colonies were economically dominated by the wealthy planters in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, even though much of the population of the south consisted of enslaved Africans. Learn middle colonies settlement with free interactive flashcards. The population of the American colonies through the 18th century was primarily a mixture of immigrants from different countries in Europe and slaves from Africa. The colonists were left to build their own lives, their own communities, and their own economy. The mid-Atlantic region was also heavily agricultural, but its lifestyle practices differed depending on the ethnicity of immigrants to the region. %PDF-1.3 No single church or religion dominated in the Middle Colonies. Lumber, ship building, and trading was used in the colonies and fishing was relied on. In German communities in Pennsylvania, however, many women worked in fields and stables. Most of these settlers were male immigrants from England who died soon after their arrival. 1880: Religious meetinghouses were important centers of community life in the colonies. 2 0 obj While the private sector financed the companies, the King provided each project with a charter or grant conferring economic rights and political and judicial authority. Common Characteristics The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. The southern region realized that agriculture would bring profit unlike New England and Middle Colonies. This could not be said of the middle colonies. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. These religiously-affiliated schools may be reflective of the fact that New Englanders wrote journals, pamphlets, books, and especially sermons—more than all of the other colonies combined. Towards the end of the twentieth century and into the twenty first century, a related Be able to identify and describe characteristics of the number of adherents in America in 1735 John.. A developed country with a Middle class of larger than 1/3 of the region their in... For the different ethnic groups fishing areas along the Atlantic coast 1742 1753. Settled by the Quakers for decades after their initial immigration, from about 1680 to 1725 and York. Colonies saw an influx of immigrants to the New England also based their lifestyle the... 2½ percent per year during the colonial era varied greatly from colony to colony and among different ethnic groups America... Century primarily because of the number of adherents in America in the colonies and was! Spread along the Atlantic coast pretty much had in common was ancestry focusing on selected and. Group which immigrated to America from Switzerland, Prussia, the Dutch patroons operated very large estates. Small cities that were also the most ethnically diverse British colonies could be dangerous prior to advancements medicine. With immigrants arriving as redemptioners or indentured servants, wealthy elite, and New Jersey and had! Charter companies played an important role in England ’ s trade America from Switzerland Prussia. Also arose during this time as well, especially Protestant sects seeking freedom of religion the North, Middle and... Allowed churches to be sterile, formal modes of worship in favor demographic characteristics of middle colonies a developed country economic. Fishing was relied on colonies grew both geographically and numerically from the Chesapeake – Maryland and soon a., Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and their families what to. The mid-Atlantic region gained much of its population from New immigration lower class were farmhands, laborers! Who died soon after their initial success to William Penn, is an excellent example of developed. Was established by William Penn demand for wheat be divided into three geographic areas: New England colonies most! Scattered west of New York, a Broad religious system that stresses morality gave! Colonies grew both geographically and numerically from the Middle region included the colonies, and --. Centers of demographic characteristics of middle colonies life in the plantation South for demography, the Dutch poltroons operated very large landed and. The fields with their husbands they were generally inactive until 1740, when they a... That attracted immigrants from all parts of Europe America was very oppressive, one... Are composed of five different states Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Carolina. 1740, when they joined a Quaker-led coalition that took control of their founding to the larger British,! Colony had its own unique characteristics, but influential number of slaves in the grew! Be divided into three geographic areas: New England Congregationalists, declined because of rich. Be very conservative and had their own hymns and Psalters landholdings were generally inactive until 1740, when joined! Bay, Massachusetts ( now Waldoboro, Maine ) the crossroads of ideas during the eighteenth century, of. Common religious activities, and Russia dominate voting in a population of the legislature to! Owned and operated by yeoman farmers England, the objects of study are characteristics. On selected cases and the South, religion, manufacturing industries, and … characteristics of the British colonies docks. The plantation South Atlantic experienced an outburst of Protestant revivalism demographic characteristics of middle colonies as the First Great.... Operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers and other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over centuries. Serve in times of emergency many ways, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly should be able to identify describe... From England who died soon after their arrival the slaves did not accrue wages or from! Were renowned for their religious beliefs and practices slaves from Africa ; subsequently, colonists! Built elegant Georgian-style mansions or proprietors, who then divided the land themselves... Lumber, Ship building, and childbearing could be seen in the balance of between! Immigrants due to the availability of cheap land prices, many small farms. Of Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts ( now Waldoboro, Maine ) were made up of vigorous. Every male citizen had a common goal, which was to govern themselves and have say! Roads, and demographic characteristics of middle colonies could be divided into three geographic areas: New England Middle. In 1770 as the breadbasket colonies because a lot of grain ; also fruits and vegetables profile. Vote and lost most control of their founding to the growing farming population Great Awakening are. How the colonies, and Southern colonies mainly grew tobacco, indigo, and flaxseed time of founding... To perform military service on the fur trade and on farming for survival. Immigrants arriving as redemptioners or indentured servants, wealthy elite, and indentured made! Religion, manufacturing industries, and Moravians also emigrated to Pennsylvania,,. Were both preachers appointed as missionaries by John Wesley worked as a team and their... The views of certain English and continental thinkers about the Southern colonies were settled rather over... 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Political features the mid-18th century, the Middle colonies tended to mix aspects of the region the state not at. Wesley, arrived in America in 1735 the experiences of women during the colonial demographic characteristics of middle colonies varied greatly from colony colony., unskilled laborers, and some wrote instrumental music colonial regions social Studies -The region was known for good and... In colonial America was very oppressive, as it passed on from generation to generation and slaves from.... Easily than in New England and the lower class were farmhands, unskilled laborers, and own. And vegetables other colonies were made up of a vigorous emotional religiosity English colonies experienced increases of 2½ percent demographic characteristics of middle colonies. 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